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Neuro Sciences

Department of Neuroscience

Neuroscience, also called neural science, is the study of how the nervous system develops, structures and functions. The nervous system includes both the central nervous system, consisting of a brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system comprising the nerves that lie in the extremities (limb or appendage), muscles, and organs.

The Department of NeuroScience at Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Care functions as a Centre of Excellence in NeuroScience with an incredible health facility backed by internationally acclaimed neuro physicians, super trained support staff offering best practices in non-invasive and interventional procedures, along with round-the-clock comprehensive emergency services.

The Department of NeuroScience at Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Care offers a wide range of diagnostics and intervention purposes and houses skilled and experienced Neuro Physicians.

Thousands of disorders and conditions can affect your nerves. An injured nerve has trouble sending a message. Sometimes it’s so damaged that it can’t send or receive a message at all. Nerve injury can cause numbness, a pins-and-needles feeling or pain. It may be difficult or impossible for you to move the area that’s injured.

The nervous system is sensitive to various nervous system disorders which include:

  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Tumours
  • Structural Defects
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Blood flow disruption
  • Degeneration

Disorders of the nervous system

Disorders of the nervous system may involve the following:

  • Vascular disorders:
    Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Subdural Hemorrhage and Hematoma, and Extradural Hemorrhage
  • Infections:
    Meningitis, Encephalitis, Polio, and Epidural abscess
  • Structural disorders:
    Brain or Spinal Cord Injury, Bell's palsy, Cervical Spondylosis, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Brain or Spinal Cord Tumors, Peripheral Neuropathy, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome
  • Functional disorders:
    Headache, Epilepsy, Dizziness, and Neuralgia
  • Degeneration:
    Parkinson Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Huntington Chorea, and Alzheimer disease.

Common Causes of Nerve Damage

  • Disease: Cancers, and autoimmune diseases like diabetes, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis can cause nervous system problems. Diabetes can lead to diabetic neuropathy.
  • Stroke: A stroke happens when one of the brain’s blood vessels becomes blocked or suddenly bursts. Without enough blood, part of the brain dies due to which it can’t send messages via nerves. A stroke can cause nerve damage ranging from mild to severe.
  • Accidental injury: Nerves can be crushed, stretched, or cut in an accident. Car crashes and falls are common injuries that can damage nerves anywhere in your body.
  • Pressure: If a nerve is pinched or compressed, it can’t get enough blood to do its job. Nerves can be pinched or trapped for many reasons, such as overuse (as in carpal tunnel syndrome), a tumor, or structural problems like sciatica.
  • Toxic substances: Chemotherapy medicines, illegal drugs, excessive alcohol and poisonous substances can cause peripheral neuropathy or nerve damage. People with kidney disease are more likely to develop nerve damage because their kidneys have a hard time filtering out toxins.
  • Aging process: As one gets older, the neurons’ signals may not travel as fast as they used to. One may feel weaker, and the reflexes may slow down. Some people lose sensation in their fingers, toes or other parts of their body.

Signs and Symptoms of Nervous System Disorder

It is not necessary that every individual experiences the same signs and symptoms. However, these are the common symptoms of nervous system disorder.

  • Persistent headache
  • A headache that changes or is different
  • Loss of feeling or tingling
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength
  • Loss of sight or double vision
  • Memory loss
  • Impaired mental ability
  • Lack of coordination
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Tremors and seizures
  • Back pain which radiates to the feet, toes, or other parts of the body
  • Muscle wasting and slurred speech
  • New language impairment (expression or comprehension)

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