The Kidney stone: Foods to consume and avoid
April 25, 2022
Kidney stones are a common health issue that people across ages. It is caused by various factors, including low fluid consumption, diet, medical conditions, etc. Kidney stones are a complex mass of salts and minerals formed inside the kidneys.
Kidney stones are painful and can lead to urinary and kidney problems if not treated properly.
Common kinds of kidney stones include:
- Calcium oxalate stones
- Calcium phosphate stone
- Struvite stones
- Uric acid stones
- Cystine stones
You can prevent or reduce your risk of developing kidney stones by making healthier lifestyle choices. This includes avoiding or limiting the intake of certain foods.
Foods that may Contribute to Kidney Stones
High-sodium foods: Eating more sodium, which is an ingredient in salt, raises the quantity of calcium in your urine, thereby increasing your risk of calcium oxalate stones, furthermore as calcium phosphate stones. Reduce fast foods, canned foods, packaged meats, and condiments high in sodium.
High-oxalate foods: You may limit your intake of high-oxalate foods, especially if you’ve had a calcium oxalate stone. These include spinach, beets, almonds and cashews, ladies’ finger, nuts and nut products, wheat bran, etc.
Refined sugars: Added or refined sugars can raise your chances of having kidney stones and increase the risk of a heart condition and plenty of other severe conditions. To eliminate or reduce foods and drinks flavoured with sugar or high-fructose corn syrup.
Alcohol: Since alcohol could be a diuretic, it can cause dehydration, increasing your kidney stones risk. Alcohol increases urine production, leading to higher uric acid levels in your blood and urine. An excessive amount of acid can result in the event of uric acid kidney stones. Also, alcohol provides your body with empty calories, which might contribute to weight gain linked to an increased risk of kidney stones. Instead, drink enough water to prevent kidney stones and improve overall health.
Diet plays a vital role in managing and preventing kidney stones. Confer with your doctor or a dietician to assist you in planning your meals to prevent kidney stones.
Here are the foods you should avoid eating if and when you have kidney stones:
- Consume less salt
- Limit foods high in oxalates if you have a calcium oxalate stone.
- Fruits: Currants, canned fruit salad, strawberries, and Concord grapes
- Vegetables: Beets, summer squash, sweet potatoes, and spinach
- Drinks: Tea and instant coffee
- Other foods: tofu, nuts, tomato soup, and chocolate
Avoid these foods if you have a uric acid stone:
- Evade fatty foods such as salad dressings, ice cream, and fried foods.
- Do not consume more than 85 grams or three ounces of meat each day.
- Phosphate promotes the formation of kidney stones.
- Moreover, reduce or eliminate added sugar intake.
- Finally, restrict or avoid caffeine altogether because it drains fluids from your body, causing dehydration.
Kidney Stone Diet Tips
Kidney stones are recurring unless you are actively working to prevent them. This means taking the prescribed medicines and paying attention to what you eat and drink.
- Drink, at the minimum, 12 glasses of water a day
- Eat citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruit
- Eat calcium-rich foods at least three times a day with each meal
- Limit intake of animal protein
- Limit intake of animal protein
- Avoid foods and drinks high in oxalate and phosphate.
Foods and drinks that can be included if you have kidney stones
Certain foods that promote the excretion of calcium ions should be consumed during this time.
Fluids to be consumed during kidney stones include:
- Drink adequate fluids, particularly water
- Liquids such as ginger ale, lemon water, and fruit juices (without added sugar and salt)
- Drink enough fluid to urinate at least two litres in 24 hours. Dark urine can point out that your body is not getting sufficient water.
Some foods that are low in oxalates include:
However, consuming excess dairy products and animal protein can attenuate your chances of less common types of kidney stones.
Fruits to Consume During Kidney Stones.
Some of the fruits that are low in oxalates and safe to consume include:
Vegetables to consume during kidney stones
Stick to vegetables low in oxalates because they do not increase the risk of stone formation:
- Green beans
foods rich in calcium to balance oxalates in the diet, such as:
Foods that are rich in calcium can prevent the formation of kidney stones. However, it is essential to curb its consumption to three servings per day to evade a less common type of stone.
People also ask
1. What Food Should be Avoided for Kidney Stones?
t would be best to avoid stone-forming foods; for example, beetroot, chocolate, spinach, tea, and nuts rich in oxalate.
2. What sre the Leading Causes of Kidney Stones?
The possible causes of kidney stones include drinking too little water, exercising either too much or too little, obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating food with too much salt or sugar. In addition, infections and family history might be necessary for some people.
3. Which Foods Cause Stones?
Foods that cause kidney stones are:
- Nuts and nut products.
- Peanuts are legumes, not nuts, and are high in oxalate.
- Wheat bran.