Magnesium deficiency: Symptoms, signs, and treatment
September 5, 2022
A frequently disregarded medical condition is magnesium shortage, also referred to as hypomagnesemia.
Early signs of magnesium deficiency can include weakness, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. Although many people do not get enough magnesium, insufficiency is uncommon, and symptoms typically point to a more severe health issue.
Magnesium is a necessary mineral and electrolyte that is involved in a variety of body functions, such as:
- Energy generation
- Tooth and bone structure
- Muscular activity
- Nerve function
- RNA, protein, and DNA replication
As a result, people must consume adequate magnesium daily to be healthy.
What does a lack of magnesium mean?
However, some things can make someone more likely to have signs of magnesium shortage. These consist of:
- Eating a low-magnesium diet consistently
- Having digestive illnesses like Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, or regional enteritis
- Magnesium loss through urine and sweat that is high due to hereditary abnormalities or alcohol consumption
- Being both pregnant and nursing
- A hospital stay
- Having hyperaldosteronism and parathyroid abnormalities
- A person with type 2 diabetes
Long-term magnesium deficiency could be harmful to:
- Bone thickness
- Brain activity
- Muscle and nerve activity
- Digestion process
Particularly concerning can be a loss of bone density. Magnesium shortage may stop bone development in younger persons. When the bones are still growing in childhood, it’s critical to acquire enough magnesium.
Signs of magnesium deficiency
Here are 11 indicators that someone may be iodine deficient.
1. Unusual weight gain
Unexpected weight gain is one of the most observable symptoms of an iodine shortage.
An individual with a healthy metabolism burns calories to provide energy. However, a person’s metabolism slows down if they have hypothyroidism or a lack of thyroid hormones.
Calories are more likely to be stored as fat when a person’s metabolism slows down, resulting in weight gain.
It’s crucial to remember that weight gain isn’t necessarily an indication of iodine insufficiency. If another factor cannot account for weight gain, it may just be a symptom. For example, overeating calories or not exercising enough are two typical causes of weight gain.
2. Hair loss
Another indication that someone may be iodine deficient is hair loss.
Thyroid hormones aid in the regeneration of hair follicles. The follicles stop growing when a person has hypothyroidism due to a lack of thyroid hormones.
New follicles grow in to replace the hair that loses out normally. A person’s hair starts to thin out when this stops happening over time.
3. Dry skin
Since iodine deficiency can cause dry, flaky skin, this symptom may indicate hypothyroidism.
Cells regenerate with the aid of thyroid hormones. A lack of these hormones may lead to an accumulation of dead skin cells, which can occasionally cause dry, flaky skin.
4. Periods that are heavy or irregular
Low thyroid hormone levels can impact the hormone levels that control a woman’s period. Iodine deficiencies may manifest as any of the following symptoms:
periods heavier than regular periods that occur more frequently or less frequently than typical
5. Swollen neck
Iodine deficiency can cause a person’s neck to swell. This is because their neck-based thyroid gland has become larger.
The thyroid will attempt to absorb more iodine from the blood when it is deficient in iodine. The thyroid enlarges, as a result, making the neck appear swollen.
Foods to eat
By consuming foods high in magnesium, such as green vegetables, fruit, whole grains, cereals, and legumes, one can meet the RDA for this mineral. In order of highest to lowest magnesium concentration, some foods include Trusted Source:
- Pumpkin seeds
- Chia seed
- Particularly almonds, cashews, and peanuts
- Almond butter
- Whole-grain bread
Other magnesium-rich foods include:
- Cereal beans kidneys
- Apples and bananas
- Salmon and halibut
- Chicken breast
- Carrots and broccoli
Low magnesium levels cause the body to absorb more magnesium from the small intestine and excrete less magnesium through the kidneys.
How can a magnesium deficiency be identified?
Blood and sometimes a urine test is used to identify magnesium deficiencies. If you exhibit symptoms like weakness, irritability, an irregular heart rhythm, nausea and/or diarrhoea, or if your calcium or potassium levels are unusual, your doctor may prescribe a blood test.
Treatment for a magnesium deficiency
Your doctor will recommend a magnesium supplement if you don’t get enough magnesium in your diet. Your doctor may need to experiment with the dosage because they can occasionally cause diarrhoea. Magnesium intravenously may be required in extreme circumstances.
If you’re considering taking a magnesium supplement, talk to your doctor first because too much magnesium can be harmful. Overdosing can result in nausea, diarrhoea, stomach cramps, and, in severe circumstances, an erratic heartbeat and cardiac arrest.
The National Institutes of Health lists the following as excellent iodine sources:
- 1 dried sheet of seaweed contains 11 to 1,989% of the RDI (recommended daily intake)
- 85 grammes (g) of cod, or 3 ounces, provides 66 per cent of the RDI.
- One cup of plain yoghurt contains 50% of the RDI.
- 1/4 teaspoon or 1.5 g of iodised salt: 47% of the RDI
- 23 percent of the RDI in 3 ounces (85 g) of shrimp
- 1 large egg provides 16 percent of the RDI.
- 3 ounces (85 g) of canned tuna, or 11 percent of the RDI
- 5 slices of dried prunes: 9% of the RDI
- Iodine needs to be consumed in amounts of 150 micrograms (mcg) daily to keep the body at a healthy level.
People also ask:
1 What happens if your body is low in magnesium?
Lack of magnesium can result in heart disease and excessive blood pressure, among other health issues: osteoporosis and diabetes.
2. What are the symptoms of lack of magnesium?
- Decrease in appetite.
- Vomiting and nauseous
- Weakness and exhaustion
- Muscular cramps
3. What food is highest in magnesium?
- Pumpkin seed
- Roasted dry almonds
- Boiled spinach
- Shelled pumpkin seed
4. How can I raise my magnesium quickly?
- Increase your intake of foods high in magnesium.
- Include an additional magnesium supplement.
- Take a daily multivitamin to provide the co-factors for magnesium utilisation and absorption.
- Keep caffeine, alcohol, and fizzy drinks to a minimum.
- Include sea veggies in a balanced diet.