Liver Transplant – Donor FAQ’s
September 20, 2019
Lakhs of people die every year in India for lack of donor organs. Only 1,000 of the lakhs can undergo this procedure. Such statistics are alarming. It is usually due to the lack of knowledge about the possibility of donating organs by healthy and willing people.
To know how easy the process of organ donation is, read on. After all, you could save someone’s life.
I Need to Undergo A Transplant. How Can I Procure A Healthy Liver?
In living donor transplantation, only a liver or kidneys can be transplanted. For a transplant of a heart, eye, lungs or cornea, the donor will need to be deceased and doctors should have declared him brain dead before the donation can be made.
Define a Living Donor Transplant?
The surgical procedure by which an organ is removed entirely or partially from the body of a living person. It is then transplanted in the recipient’s body where the organ does not function well is called a Living Donor Transplant. It is difficult to find a living donor liver transplantation in India when one needs it. But this can be got by contact.
There are three types of living donor transplants:
- Living Near Related Donors: Immediate blood relatives can donate organs, according to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA Rules 2014). These could be grandparents, parents, spouse, children, siblingsand grandchildren.
- Living Non-near relative Donors: These comprise those people who are not close relatives of the recipient but have a sentimental attachment to him or her. Their organ donation needs to have the approval of the committee appointed by the state, known as the Appropriate Authority.
- SWAP Donors: If the close relative of the recipient’s blood is not compatible with the donor’s, donors can be swapped between two pairs of donors and recipients. This easy ’give and take’ between two pairs of recipient and donor can benefit the two sets of people in need of organs. This is allowed only if the donors are close relatives. It comes under the purview of the law that overseesorgan transplants in this country.
Donation After Death: A recipient can also enroll in the list of deceased donations in hospitals where organ transplantationand donation are done. People who are declared dead and whose family has been authorized to execute organ donation offer their organs to better the condition of others. A deceased donor can save a minimum of eight patients.
What Is Meant by A List for Organ Transplant?
A record of probable recipients waiting to be given an organ transplant. Hospitals do maintain a waiting list which is added to the centralized website of the National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), India’s top organ donation organization.
What Is the Procedure of a Recipient Enlisting Here?
By going to a registered transplant hospital, the patient includes his name on their waiting list. The doctor treating the patient or recipient will evaluate his case based on several parameters and check if he requires a transplant and matches the required criteria. The above-mentioned criteria will be applicable for a kidney transplant, though the main criterion remains the duration the patient has been taking dialysis.
What Is the Method of Evaluating Whether a Patient Is Fit for an Organ Transplant?
Just because a patient has reached the terminal stage of organ failure does not make him the ideal candidate for an organ transplant. The patient should be screened to find out his state of health, medical history and other important factors which led to developing terminal organ failure. Based on these parameters, the doctor will evaluate if he is ready for transplant.
What is the Waiting Period for an Organ?
After the patient’s name has been added to the national waiting list for an organ transplant, the patient may be given an organ on the very same day or he could wait indefinitely. The wait could depend on how well he matches with the donor, his state of health, donors available in the area and number of patients waiting for donors.
Why Do Patients Have to Undergo Such a Long Wait?
The disparity between supply and demand for organs is the chief cause of a long waiting period. As such, the required number of organs is much lesser than what is required. To narrow this disparity, it is essential to grow awareness about organ donation.
How Can One Find a Perfect Donor?
When one lists one’s name to a waiting list of recipients in a transplant hospital, it joins the already existing waiting list there. When a deceased organ is available, all probable recipients are compared with the donor. At this time, medical urgency, organ size, genetic makeup, blood type and time since joining the waiting list are considered.
Why Rela Hospital?
We do admit that finding the perfect match between an organ donor and recipient is extremely difficult and time-consuming. And this is where the catch is—that a patient needing an organ doesn’t have time on his side. For this reason, we advocate through our various channels of information that individuals come forward and pledge their organ donation so that they may be called upon for donation when required. However, this doesn’t happen with the frequency that we would like.
At Rela Hospital, we keep the patients in as good health as possible until we can source a donor that matches the patient. We are proud to have under our roof the Top living donor liver transplant surgeons in India who offer the best medical and counselling services to patients.
Over the years, our liver specialists have worked hard to be the best living donor liver transplant hospital in India—a feat that has been difficult to achieve and hold on to. But having reached this pinnacle of success, we aim for higher. All so that patient satisfaction may increase, and the patient can go home happy and remain in good health.
Our journey so far has been difficult but eventful. Every day brings its own challenges that we meet and often exceed. With the guidance of our founder Dr Rela, we forge ahead seeking new frontiers in the field of medicine and patient care.
To know more about us, call us on +91 9384681770.