How to use a nebulizer

April 4, 2023

How to use a nebulizer
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A nebuliser is a device that turns liquid medication into a fine mist that can be inhaled into the lungs. This can effectively treat respiratory conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

What Is a Nebuliser?

A nebuliser is a medical device that turns liquid medication into a fine mist that can be inhaled into the lungs. The device consists of a compressor, a cup for the medication, and a mask or mouthpiece to deliver the mist. Nebulisers are often used to deliver medication directly to the lungs, where it can be absorbed quickly and effectively.

Types of nebulisers

There are several types of nebulisers available, including:

  • Jet nebulisers are the most common type of nebuliser and use compressed air or oxygen to turn the liquid medication into a mist.
  • Ultrasonic nebulisers use high-frequency vibrations to create the mist and are often quieter than jet nebulisers.
  • Mesh nebulisers: These use a fine mesh to turn the liquid medication into a mist and are often smaller and more portable than other types of nebulisers.

Why Might You Use a Nebuliser?

Nebulisers can be used to treat a variety of respiratory conditions, such as:

  • Asthma: nebulisers can be used to deliver bronchodilators and other medications to treat asthma symptoms, such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
  • COPD: nebulisers can be used to deliver bronchodilators, steroids, and other medications to treat COPD symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
  • Cystic fibrosis: nebulisers can be used to deliver medications to help loosen and clear mucus from the lungs in people with cystic fibrosis.

Nebuliser vs Inhaler

nebulisers and inhalers both deliver medication to the lungs, but there are some critical differences between the two. Inhalers are small, handheld devices that deliver medicine in a spray or aerosol form. They require coordination between breathing in and pressing down on the inhaler, which can be difficult for some people, especially children or those with severe respiratory conditions. On the other hand, nebulisers deliver medication in a mist form and require no coordination between breathing in and using the device. They can benefit people with severe respiratory conditions or those who have difficulty using inhalers.


Also Read: What Is Pneumonia Disease?

How Do I Use a Nebuliser?

To use a nebuliser, follow these steps:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly.
  • Place the compressor on a flat surface and plug it into an electrical outlet.
  • Attach the tubing to the compressor and the cup for the medication to the other end of the tubing.
  • Fill the cup with the prescribed amount of medication.
  • Attach the mask or mouthpiece to the cup.
  • Turn on the nebuliser and breathe in the mist through the mask or mouthpiece.
  • Continue to breathe in the mist until all of the medication is gone or until the nebuliser stops working.
  • Clean the nebuliser according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

How Do I Care for My Nebuliser?

Proper care of your nebuliser is important to ensure it continues working effectively. Here are some tips for caring for your nebuliser:

  • Clean the nebuliser after each use: This will help prevent the buildup of bacteria or other harmful substances. Next, wash the cup, mask, and tubing with warm water and soap, and allow them to air dry.
  • Disinfect the nebuliser regularly: Besides washing, it’s important to disinfect it regularly to kill bacteria or viruses. You can do this by boiling the parts for 10 minutes or using a disinfectant solution.
  • Replace parts as needed: Over time, the parts of your nebuliser may become worn or damaged. Replace them as necessary to ensure that your nebuliser continues to work effectively.
  • Store your nebuliser properly: When not in use, store your nebuliser in a clean, dry place, away from dust and other contaminants.

Also Read: Is Asthma Curable?

Who to consult for nebulising and when

If you have been prescribed a nebuliser, you must consult your healthcare provider to ensure you are using it correctly and getting the right medication and dosage. Your healthcare provider can also help you determine when and how often to use your nebuliser and can guide you on caring for your device. In addition, if you experience any side effects or worsening of your respiratory symptoms while using your nebuliser, contact your pulmonologist immediately.


In conclusion, a nebuliser can effectively treat respiratory conditions such as asthma or COPD. However, understanding how to use and care for your nebuliser properly is essential for achieving the best results. Consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns about using a nebuliser.

People also ask

  • How do you use a nebuliser step by step?

Here are the general steps for using a nebuliser:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Assemble the nebuliser according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Measure the prescribed dose of medication into the nebuliser cup.
  • Attach the tubing and mouthpiece or mask to the nebuliser cup.
  • Sit in a comfortable and upright position.
  • Turn on the nebuliser and inhale the mist through the mouthpiece or mask.
  • Breathe normally and deeply until all the medication has been delivered (typically takes 10-15 minutes).
  • Turn off the nebuliser and clean the parts according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  1. Do you just use water in a nebuliser?

No, you should not use water alone in a nebuliser. Nebulisers are designed to be used with specific liquid medications prescribed by a healthcare provider. Using water alone in a nebuliser can cause damage to the device and may not effectively deliver the medication to the lungs.

  1. Do you breathe out through your nose when using a nebuliser?

You can breathe out through your mouth or nose when using a nebuliser. However, exhaling through your mouth is recommended to ensure that you are fully inhaling the medication mist.

  1. How long do you inhale a nebuliser?

The amount of time it takes to inhale a nebuliser varies depending on the type of medication and the dosage prescribed. However, on average, inhaling a total dose of medicine usually takes 10-15 minutes. Therefore, inhaling the medication for the entire prescribed time is important to ensure you receive the full benefits.

Disclaimer: We recommend consulting a Doctor before taking any action based on the above shared information.


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