How to prevent varicose veins?

March 18, 2024

How to prevent varicose veins?
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Varicose Veins

Varicose veins, which are large and twisted veins, are commonly found in the legs, although they can occur elsewhere on the body.

It is not thought of as a major medical problem to have varicose veins. Nevertheless, they may cause discomfort and even worsen existing issues. They could also make people feel awkward because they could be very obvious.

What are varicose veins?

Usually seen in the legs, these are twisted, swollen veins. They resemble faint, bluish veins that are slightly elevated beneath the surface of your skin. Though they can occasionally result in lower leg cramps, discomfort, and pain, they are typically mainly a cosmetic issue. In some cases, they might result in a more serious illness.

These disorders, albeit rare, can cause excruciating leg ulcers, blood clots in the legs, and bleeding. In the event that this happens, prompt medical assistance is required.

What can cause varicose veins?

Elevated blood pressure within the veins is the cause of varicose veins. Veins close to the skin’s surface (superficial) might develop varicose veins.One-way valves in the veins direct blood toward the heart. A weakening or injury to the valves might cause blood to pool in the veins. This leads to an enlargement of the veins. Long periods of standing or sitting can cause blood to pool in the veins in the legs, raising the veins’ internal pressure. The elevated pressure might cause the veins to swell. This could harm the valves and weaken the vein walls.

There are various reasons why vein walls and valves can weaken, such as:

  • hormones
  • the process of ageing
  • surplus weight
  • apparel that is too tight
  • pressure from prolonged standing 

What are symptoms of varicose veins?

A twisted, blue or purple vein just beneath the skin’s surface is the most obvious indicator of varicose veins. Among the symptoms are:

  • Veins that are rope-like and twisted and are frequently blue or purple in colour. They appear on your legs, ankles, and feet, just beneath the skin’s surface. These veins might form into clusters .
  • Spider veins, which are tiny red or blue lines, may show up closeby.
  • After physical exertion in particular, your legs may feel drained, heavy, or sluggish.
  • Itching may occur in the vicinity of varicose veins.
  • Your legs, particularly the area behind your knees, may hurt, ache, or feel sore. 


What are the risk factors for varicose veins?

Varicose veins can occur in anyone. Your risk of getting varicose veins is increased by a few things, such as:

  • Age: As we age, vein walls and valves lose some of their original functionality. Veins harden and lose suppleness.
  • Gender: Hormones in women may cause the vein walls to expand. Varicose veins are more common in those who are pregnant, taking birth control, or going through menopause due to hormonal changes.
  • Family history: This illness is hereditary, meaning it runs in families.
  • Lifestyle: Prolonged standing or sitting impairs circulation. 
  • General health: Certain medical conditions can lead to increased pressure in the veins, such as severe constipation or certain types of cancer.
  •  Use of tobacco products: People who use tobacco products are more likely to develop varicose veins. 
  • Weight: Being overweight puts extra strain on the blood vessels.
  • Earlier blood clots: If you’ve experienced trauma to your legs or veins, this could weaken them and make varicose veins more likely to form. 


What are the ways to prevent varicose veins?

Varicose veins can occasionally be unavoidable. Keeping an active, healthy lifestyle can help reduce your chance of developing them. The following actions are recommended by medical practitioners to prevent and treat varicose veins:

  • Regular exercise helps to enhance leg circulation, which facilitates the flow of blood that has accumulated in the veins. Another factor that causes varicose veins is blood pressure, which can be lowered with exercise.Effective low-impact exercises are yoga, walking, cycling, and swimming.
  • Compression stockings, which are easily available from pharmacies, can help by applying pressure to the legs. This facilitates the blood’s passage through the veins and muscles and toward the heart.
  • Clothes that are too tight can impede blood flow. Wearing loose-fitting clothing that does not impede the blood flow to the lower body may help someone’s circulation.
  • Leg varicose veins may also be lessened by switching to flat shoes from high heels.
  • Maintaining your legs elevated, ideally at or above the heart, will improve circulation.  Because of the decreased venous pressure in the legs, gravity will facilitate the blood’s simple return to the heart.

One should make an effort to keep their legs elevated when seated for prolonged periods of time, such as when working or unwinding.

  • Apply a light massage to the veins to encourage blood flow.Nonetheless, it is essential to avoid directly pressing on the veins as this may injure sensitive tissues.
  • Prolonged sitting still can lower blood flow, which can lead to the appearance of varicose veins. If a person must sit for extended periods of time at work, they should strive to get up and move around or change positions frequently to maintain proper blood flow. 
  • Any excess weight loss helps lessen the strain on veins and lower the chance of developing varicose veins.
  • Reducing salt consumption might help avoid water retention. Foods high in potassium can assist.
  • Consuming foods high in flavonoids can aid in lessening the appearance of varicose veins. They lessen the chance of varicose veins by relaxing blood vessels and lowering arterial blood pressure. Nuts high in flavonoids include grapes, citrus fruits, and horse chestnuts.

How can varicose veins be diagnosed?

Varicose veins are visible and located near the skin’s surface. During a physical examination, medical professionals can make a diagnosis. While you sit and stand, they will feel and analyse your veins.

Your doctor can suggest an ultrasound to obtain precise pictures of your veins and look for any issues. Using sound waves, this painless and safe diagnostic creates images of the tissues inside your body. Ultrasounds can reveal blood clots and the health of your valves.


Varicose veins typically don’t pose a serious health risk and are mainly a cosmetic concern. While they can cause discomfort, they don’t result in any long-term issues.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are spider veins and varicose veins the same?

Varicose veins and spider veins have some similarities in appearance, but they differ in various ways. Varicose veins are large, twisted, and swollen veins that often look like thick blue lines beneath the skin. On the other hand, spider veins are smaller, closer to the surface of the skin, and can be red or blue in colour.

2. If I have varicose veins, when should I get worried?

It’s important to get examined by a healthcare professional even if varicose veins are typically not dangerous. Treatments can be beneficial if you feel self-conscious about the appearance of your varicose veins or if they are causing pain. It is recommended that you immediately consult your physician if you experience any of the following symptoms: bleeding, discoloration of the skin or veins, aching, redness, heat, or swelling of the veins.

3. How frequent are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are quite prevalent. Varicose veins affect about one-third of adults. Those assigned female at birth are more likely to have them than those assigned male at birth.

4. How long do varicose veins last?

Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy typically disappear on their own two to three weeks after giving birth. After therapy, varicose veins may recur in some persons.

Disclaimer: We recommend consulting a Doctor before taking any action based on the above shared information.


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