How to identify a lump in the breast?

October 12, 2022

How to identify a lump in the breast?
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A breast lump is a discrete swelling, protuberance, protrusion, or bump that is different in texture from the surrounding breast tissue or the tissue in the same region of the other breast.

The majority of breast lumps are benign since they are not malignant. Although seeing a breast lump may surprise you, it’s crucial to remember that it might not have any long-term effects on your health.

A breast lump, however, may be an indication of cancer. The best action is always to get a medical opinion on any lumps or swelling you find on your breasts.

Different factors can contribute to breast lump development. Infection, trauma, fibroadenoma, cyst, fat necrosis, or fibrocystic breasts are some of the causes. Both men and women can develop breast lumps, but women are more likely to do so. While most bumps are not malignant, some are.

Because newborns’ oestrogen from their moms, some babies grow breast lumps. As the oestrogen exits their body, these typically disappear.

Sometimes tender breast lumps appear in prepubescent girls. Usually, they disappear on their own during puberty. During puberty, adolescent boys can also develop breast lumps. These are also transient and typically vanish after a few months.

Breast Lumps: Their Causes

A lump in your breast could have a variety of causes, including:

  • The soft, fluid-filled sacs known as breast cysts
  • Milk cysts, a term for milk-filled sacs that may take place while breastfeeding
  • Fibrocystic breasts, a disorder that causes breast
  • Sometimes pain and a lumpy texture in the tissue go together.
  • Fibroadenomas are benign rubbery tumours.
  • that are quick to migrate through breast tissue and rarely malignant
  • hamartoma, a benign development that resembles a tumour, is an intraductal papilloma.
  •  A milk duct with a benign tumour
  • The noncancerous, slow-growing lipoma
  • Mastitis, also known as a breast infection
  • Breast cancer

While some breast lumps may feel like a generalised area of swollen tissue, others may appear to have a clear border. In addition, some lumps may discharge nipples.

Read Also:  How to do a Breast Self-Exam

Symptoms and types of Breast Lumps

Breast lumps may form for both malignant and non-cancerous reasons. Depending on the lump’s underlying aetiology, the symptoms may change.

  • Noncancerous lumps

There is a wide range in size, sensation, and texture. Consistency could assist a doctor in determining what kind of lump it is.

  • Breast tumours

A benign or noncancerous fluid-filled sac in the breast is called a breast cyst. They are uncommon after menopause and mostly afflict women between 30 and 50.

There might be no symptoms, or there might be:

  • A smooth, rubbery bulge appeared beneath the skin.
  • pain
  • nipple bleeding

Breast cysts may form in reaction to menstrual cycle hormones, while their exact aetiology is unknown. Cysts can range from simple to sophisticated. In either situation, a surgeon might advise aspirational removal. Rarely is underlying breast cancer connected to a cyst with solid components that recurs after aspiration.


Sometimes, especially during breastfeeding, breast abscesses form. They are noncancerous, and bacterial infection like mastitis typically causes them.

One might observe:

  • A bulk or lump
  • Ache and enlargement
  • If the skin around you is pale, you may see redness or a deepening of darker skin.
  • Warmth in the vicinity of the abscess
  • Discharge from the nipple
  • Nauseous and dizzy
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

Typical treatment for a lump in the breast

  • Draining the infection
  • The use of antibiotics
  • Managing pain and inflammation with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen

A doctor may perform tests to rule out breast cancer if a breast abscess develops when a person is not breastfeeding.

A breast fibroadenoma is an uncommon growth of glandular tissue.

The benign tumour has the following characteristics:

  • A lump of round, rubbery substance
  • Smooth boundaries
  • Painless
  • Most frequently occurs in girls between the ages of 14 and 35, while it can happen at any age.
  • Over time, fibroadenomas frequently contract and vanish. However, a person with a sizable fibroadenoma might prefer to have it surgically removed.


A lipoma is a fatty, benign tumour.

It’s likely to be:

  • Soft
  • Movable
  • Painless

Anywhere on the body, including the breast, can develop lipomas. Usually, they don’t require medical attention.

Cancerous growths

Breast or underarm tissue may develop a lump or tumour from breast cancer.

  • Among the red flags are
  • A breast bulge, thickness, or swelling
  • Skin rashes or dimpling
  • Flaky skin that may be red or darker than the surrounding skin on the breast or around the nipple
  • Pain in the nipple
  • Nipple inversion, or pushing the nipple inward
  • Discharge that could be bloody
  • Alterations to the breast’s size or form
  • Breast discomfort at any location, albeit this is not always the case.

Read Also:  Signs of Breast Cancer

Signs to consult a Gynecologist 

Generally speaking, breast lumps are not malignant. However, you should schedule a visit with your physician if:

  • You discover a new lump.
  • Your breast is visibly different in one spot than the others
  • A lump remains after menstruation.
  • A lump transforms or enlarges
  • Your breast has an unidentified bruising.
  • your breast skin turns red or starts to like an orange peel, pucker
  • Your nipple is upside down (if it wasn’t already
  • (Always inverted)
  • You observe that the nipple is dripping blood.

Procedures for diagnosing Breast Lumps

When someone complains of a breast lump, they may have one or more of the following tests done:

  • Physical examination
  • Mammogram
  • Breast ultrasound examination
  • Biopsy to rule out cancer in the breast
  • CT or MRI scan to check for changes across the body

Treatment for Breast Lumps

A doctor should check all breast lumps; however, not all lumps require treatment immediately. A doctor might advise keeping an eye on a fibrous mass or cyst while deferring further action.

The doctor may use a tiny needle to lance and drain an abscess and may also prescribe medications.

Cancer treatment typically consists of a combination of the following:

Additionally, a doctor might advise getting your BRCA1, or BRCA2 genes checked for alterations. Preventive surgery may aid in preventing a recurrence of this genetic mutation is present, and breast cancer has already manifested. There’s a chance that other family members will want to get screened as well.

People also ask

1. What kind of lumps are normal in breasts?

In women in their 20s and 30s, fibroadenomas—solid, smooth, firm, noncancerous (benign) lumps—are most frequently discovered. They can develop at any age and are the most typical benign tumours in women. However, postmenopausal women taking hormone therapy are becoming more common.

2. What kind of breast lump should I worry about?

Finding a new breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue or the other breast is a reason to see a doctor. Observing a change in a breast’s size, shape, or appearance. Experiencing breast soreness that persists even after your menstruation.

3. What does a cancerous breast lump feel like?

Anywhere in the breast may develop a round, soft, or sensitive malignant lump. The lump may even be uncomfortable in some situations. Some women also have breast tissue that is thick and fibrous. If this is the case, it could be more challenging to feel lumps or changes in your breasts.

4. What is early-stage breast cancer?

Breast cancer in stage 1 is small, solely affects the breast tissue, and may also spread to nearby lymph nodes. It is breast cancer in its early stages.

Disclaimer: We recommend consulting a Doctor before taking any action based on the above shared information.



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