Diet Chart for Diabetic Patient in India

April 30, 2024

Diet Chart for Diabetic Patient in India
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Diabetes and a balanced diet

Diabetes is a condition brought on by elevated blood glucose levels. Eating the incorrect foods will cause blood sugar levels to rise, which over time will cause Diabetes.

For the purpose of maintaining blood glucose levels, a diabetic may eat small, frequent meals. A balanced diet improves one’s overall health and lowers the chance of developing several illnesses. 

Table of Contents

  1. Deciphering Diabetes
  2. Diabetes Dangers: Unveiling the Health Hazards
  3. Spot the Signs: Recognizing Symptoms of Diabetes
  4. Exploring the Causes of Diabetes
  5. Understanding the Importance of Diet Planning for Diabetes Management
  6. Diet Chart for Diabetic Patient in India
  7. Foods to Avoid for Diabetics
  8. Conclusion
  9. FAQ

Deciphering Diabetes

The chronic illness known as diabetes affects the body’s capacity to control blood sugar levels. Insulin resistance develops in the body or the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to cause the condition. It could be any of the following kinds:

  • DIABETES TYPE 1: Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune condition that produces little or no insulin and is usually discovered in infancy or early adulthood.
  • DIABETES TYPE 2: Insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels are hallmarks of type 2 diabetes, a metabolic condition that is frequently linked to lifestyle factors.
  • GESTATIONAL DIABETES: Pregnancy causes gestational diabetes, which affects blood sugar levels and necessitates close observation. Gestational diabetes typically goes away after delivering.
  • PREDIABETES: Prediabetes is a warning indication that raises the likelihood of type 2 diabetes; blood sugar levels above normal but not yet in the diabetic range.

Diabetes Dangers: Unveiling the Health Hazards

Diabetes has the potential to cause major health issues.

Among the health issues are:

  • Heart-related conditions
  • Heart Attacks
  • Foot ulcers
  • Damage to the nerves
  • Renal injury
  • Harm to the liver
  • Vision impairment
  • Failure of multiple organs
  • Cognitive degeneration and death

Spot the Signs: Recognizing Symptoms of Diabetes

Following are the signs and symptoms of diabetes:

  • Abrupt reduction in body weight
  • Urinating a lot
  • Weariness
  • Vision impairment
  • Slower-healing sores

Exploring the Causes of Diabetes

The body’s improper utilisation of blood sugar leads to diabetes. Although the condition’s primary etiology is unknown, genetic and environmental factors are significant contributors.

Diabetes is caused by a number of variables, including:

  • Insufficient synthesis of insulin
  • Resistance to insulin
  • Hormones and genetics
  • Being overweight
  • Inadequate nutrition and inactivity

Understanding the Importance of Diet Planning for Diabetes Management

Keeping your blood sugar levels within the desired range while eating the right foods at the right times is made easier with the help of a diet plan specifically designed for diabetics. Making effective meal plans and adhering to a diabetic diet plan can guarantee that you don’t miss any of the necessary components of a balanced diet.

Also following a diet chart makes sure that:

  • You stick to a regular daily eating schedule.
  • You have a decreased chance of hypertension and heart-related problems.
  • Your ability to regulate your metabolism gets better.

Diet Chart for Diabetic Patient in India

A diabetic diet chart is a schedule that helps you control your blood sugar levels by figuring out what, when, and how much to eat. Increase the amount of non-starchy veggies in the diet, cut back on refined grains and added sugars, and give whole foods precedence over processed ones.

VEGETARIAN DIET CHART: Complex carbohydrates, fibre, lean protein, and healthy fats should be the main components of a well-balanced vegetarian meal plan for diabetics. Following are a few components that can be a part of a vegetarian diet chart for a diabetic in India:

  • MILK AND RELATED PRODUCTS: For a diabetic, drinking low-fat or skimmed milk is recommended since it has a reduced fat content and comparable nutritional value to whole milk. Likewise, low-fat milk is preferable for use in milk products.
  • WHOLE GRAINS: Complex carbohydrates that are high in fibre are called whole grains. Because of their lower glycaemic index, they aid in the management of diabetes and blood cholesterol levels (GI). Some examples are whole wheat, brown rice, oats, and semolina.
  • WHOLE LEGUMES AND PULSES: Whole grains are a good choice for people with diabetes since they contain a significant quantity of protein and other minerals. Chickpeas, moong dhal, red lentils, and kidney beans are a few examples of entire pulses and legumes.
  • SEEDS AND NUTS: Nuts and seeds are a great source of magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fibre, and protein. Additionally, a lot of nuts have antioxidant qualities. Eating in moderation helps control blood sugar and cholesterol levels and promotes weight loss. Nuts that are good for diabetics include walnuts, almonds, and pistachios. For seeds, try flax, pumpkin, and chia.
  • VEGETABLES WITH GREEN LEAVES: These foods high in antioxidants are yet another type of superfood. They are low in calories, high in magnesium, low in GI foods, and a great source of premium protein. Additionally green leafy vegetables like spinach, amaranth, drumstick leaves, and mint leaves are excellent providers of iron.
  • VEGETABLES: Vegetables in general and those with water content are beneficial for diabetics. They prevent hunger and prolong the feeling of fullness in the stomach. Because they contain fewer carbohydrates, vegetables are a great food choice for anyone with diabetes. Cauliflower, brinjal, and all vegetables of the gourd family are some examples.
  • CINNAMON: The health advantages of cinnamon may include improved blood sugar regulation since it raises insulin sensitivity. Water with cinnamon reduces toxins and promotes better digestion, both of which help people lose weight by burning extra fat in the body.
  • FRESH COCONUT WATER: Refreshing fresh coconut water is a great drink for diabetics since it is full of minerals, low in glycemic index, high in fibre, increases metabolism, and helps with weight loss.  


EGGS: Eggs are good for diabetics since they not only fill you up but also slow down the absorption of glucose. It is best to have one entire egg every day as there is no chance of blood sugar rising. The consumption of egg whites, a very nutrient-dense, low-calorie food with a significant amount of protein, is not restricted, though. Egg yolks should only be consumed once a day due to their high cholesterol level.

FISH: Iron, protein, vitamin B12, and omega-3 fatty acids can all be found in abundance in fish. They aid in lowering glucose levels and reducing complications.

LEAN MEAT: Because it has less fat, lean meat is among the greatest options for those with diabetes. Foods high in fat have the tendency to sharply raise blood sugar levels, but lean meat is both low in fat and has the right elements.

SKINLESS CHICKEN: While having a similar protein level, skinless chicken has less saturated fat than whole chicken. This is a great choice for people with diabetes who are not vegetarians because it won’t raise blood sugar levels.

Foods to Avoid for Diabetics

  • Refined Flour & Instant Cereals: Skip maida, noodles, pizza base, and more for stable blood sugar.
  • Refined Sugar: Beware of weight gain and insulin sensitivity with refined sugar intake.
  • Roots and Tubers: Manage blood sugar by limiting starchy veggies like potatoes and carrots.
  • High-Glycemic Fruits: Control sugar spikes by moderating intake of bananas, mangoes, and dates.
  • Whole Milk Products: Opt for skimmed milk to better regulate blood sugar levels.
  • Sodium-Rich Foods: Reduce high blood pressure risk by cutting back on salt and pickles.
  • Red Meat: Lower saturated fat intake to mitigate diabetes and heart disease risks.
  • Carbonated Beverages: Avoid sugary drinks to prevent sudden blood sugar spikes and related health issues.
  • Coconut: Consume in moderation due to its saturated fat content, considering its impact on heart health.


High blood glucose levels are the cause of the condition known as diabetes. Eating the incorrect foods will cause blood sugar levels to rise, which over time will cause diabetes.

A diabetic can control their blood glucose levels by eating modest, frequent meals. A balanced diet lowers the chance of developing several diseases and improves overall health.

In addition to following a customised diet chart, it is advised that individuals with diabetes actively participate in self-management, education, and treatment planning. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can someone with Sugar drink alcohol?

No. Excessive alcohol consumption reduces blood sugar levels, and severe hypoglycemia is linked to harmful side effects in the body that can include coma, seizures, and even death.

2. Are bananas healthy for diabetics?

Because of their high carbohydrate content and naturally occurring sugar, fructose, bananas significantly elevate blood sugar levels. Furthermore, they contain a lot of fibre and have a low GI. Therefore, consuming bananas twice or three times a week in addition to a balance of nuts and seeds may aid in controlling blood glucose levels.

3. What type of carbohydrates should I incorporate in my diet?

Compared to simple carbs, which are rapidly digested and have less fibre, complex carbohydrates are favoured for people with diabetes because they are higher in fibre and keep you fuller for longer. They support blood sugar regulation in addition to weight control.

Disclaimer: We recommend consulting a Doctor before taking any action based on the above shared information.


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