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Department of
Paediatric Neurology

Paediatric neurology refers to a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of neurological conditions in neonates, infants, children and adolescents. The discipline of child neurology encompasses diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, muscles, and blood vessels that affect individuals.

If a child has a problem that involves the nervous system, a paediatric neurologist has specialized training and knowledge to assess, diagnose, and treat the child. The conditions dealt with by paediatric neurologists vary considerably, from relatively simple disorders such as migraines or cerebral palsy to more complex and rare conditions such as metabolic diseases or neurodegenerative disorders.

The common neurological problems in children

  • Autism
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Dyspraxia
  • Epilepsy
  • Headaches
  • Dyslexia
  • Cerebral palsy

Symptoms of neurological problems

Some common paediatric neurological problems include :

  • Partial or complete paralysis
  • Muscle weakness
  • Partial or complete loss of sensation
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty in reading and writing
  • Poor cognitive functioning
  • Decreased alertness
  • Severe and on-going headache
  • Memory loss
  • Unexplained loss of consciousness
  • Tremors
  • Developmental delays
  • Walking issues & more

When should you see a paediatric neurologist?

If the child shows signs of

  • Problems with memory, speech, balance, coordination, or muscle control that the paediatrician believes to be caused by a brain or nervous system condition.
  • Ongoing headaches, dizziness or vertigo that does not improve with treatments given by the paediatrician.
  • A brain or nervous system condition that requires constant monitoring and specialized care such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning disabilities or epilepsy.

What conditions can a paediatric neurologist treat/diagnose?

  • Neurodevelopmental disabilities like cerebral palsy, epilepsy, learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental delays etc.
  • Sleep problems such as sleep-disordered breathing, sleepwalking and night terrors
  • Headaches including migraine
  • Brain and spinal cord injury
  • Neurovascular conditions like brain hemorrhage and brain aneurysm

Treatment for paediatric neurological disorders

The department offers a holistic and empathetic environment for the management of neurological diseases to patients from all across the country. Children with various neurological conditions from the middle east and SAARC region countries also seek the services of the division. Treatment for this condition is dependent on the type of disorder.

Some of the treatments for paediatric neurological disorders are

  • Utero treatment
  • Post-birth treatment
  • Total body hypothermia
  • Video EEG
  • Radiology
  • Multi-speciality consultants
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Audiology
  • Physical therapy

Treatments and Procedures

Epilepsy

Cerebral palsy

Developmental delay

Neuromuscular conditions

Neurobehavioral disorders

Headache

Stroke

Acute neurological emergencies in children


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Our Experts

Dr. Ranjith Kumar

Dr. Ranjith Kumar

Visiting Consultant Paediatric Neurology
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