Mitral Valve Surgery

Mitral Valve Surgery is a procedure which involves replacing or repairing the diseased mitral valve also known as bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve with two flaps located between the left atrium and left ventricle.

Blood flows through open mitral valve during contraction (diastole) of the left atrium while it closes during contraction (systole) of the left ventricle.

The mitral valve dysfunction occurs when bloods flows backwards through the valve. This condition is mitral valve regurgitation. In other severe conditions, it may get narrowed and it is known as mitral valve stenosis. Your doctor may recommend mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement depending on your condition.

Mitral Valve Repair

In this procedure, the surgeon patches holes, remove excess valve tissues and reconnects valve leaflets with artificial tethering chords called chordae to provide structural support. The expert doctor may reshape the valve by performing a annuloplasty with a ring around the valve.

Mitral Valve Replacement

The doctors may go for Mitral Valve Replacement in certain severe cases. In this procedure, the mitral valve will be removed and would be replaced by a mechanical valve or a biological tissue.

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