Food Poisoning: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
April 8, 2022
Food poisoning is also called a food-borne illness caused by eating contaminated food. Infectious organisms, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins, are the foremost common causes of gastrointestinal disorders. People infected with food-borne organisms could also be symptom-free or may have symptoms of mild intestinal discomfort to severe dehydration.
Despite the wide selection of types, most cases of gastrointestinal disorder cause some mixture of the following:
If you’ve got a light case, you might think you’ve got a ‘stomach flu’ or virus. You’ll recover with no treatment. But some people have such bad symptoms that they’ll get to attend the hospital.
- Food Poisoning Symptoms
- Risk factors of Food Poisoning
- Food Poisoning Diagnosis
- Tips to reduce the risk of food poisoning at home
- How long does food poisoning last?
- What are the 6 symptoms of food poisoning?
- What are the main symptoms of food poisoning?
- What are the 4 types of food poisoning?
- How do you check for food poisoning at home?
- Is lemon a remedy for food poisoning?
Food Poisoning Symptoms
The Common Symptoms
Cramps in your stomach and gut, diarrhoea, and vomiting may start as early as 1 hour after eating tainted food and as late as ten days or longer. It also depends on what is causing the infection. Some common symptoms of a variety of food poisonings might include:
- Bloating and gas
- Muscle aches
- Belly pain and cramping
Signs and symptoms may start within hours after eating the contaminated food or begin days or weeks later. Sickness caused by food poisoning usually lasts from a few hours to several days.
Some Life-Threatening Symptoms of Food Poisoning
- Repeated vomiting
- Signs of dehydration include dry mouth, little or no urination, dizziness, or sunken eyes
- Any diarrhoea in a newborn or infant
- Diarrhoea that lasts longer than two days (1 day in a child) or is severe
- Severe gut pain
- High Fever
- Bloody stools
- Muscle weakness
- Tingling in your arms
- Blurry vision
- Diarrhoea or flulike illness in pregnant women
Risk factors of Food Poisoning
Whether you become ill after eating contaminated food depends on the organism, the quantity of exposure, your age and your health. High-risk groups include:
Anyone who eats contaminated food can get sick from food poisoning. How sick you get depends on the infection, how much of it you’re exposed to, your age, and your health.
Certain groups of individuals have a greater chance of getting seriously sick from food poisoning:
- Adults ages 65 and older: As you age, your immune system becomes less ready to repel infection.
- Babies and young children: Very few children don’t have fully developed immune systems.
- Pregnant women: Changes in your body when you’re pregnant make it more likely that germs and bacteria can cause you to seriously sick.
- People with long-term illnesses: Conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, HIV, AIDS, or cancer treatment can weaken your immune system.
Also Read: Immune-Boosting Foods
Food Poisoning Diagnosis
Your doctor will review your medical record to diagnose food poisoning, including your symptoms, how long you’ve had them, and what foods you’ve eaten. They’ll also ask whether you’ve travelled, and they may question whether anyone else reception has these symptoms. They’ll test your urine to ascertain if you’re dehydrated based on what they determine. They’ll also take blood and stool samples to undertake and trace the organism that has caused your illness. If they choose the organism, they’ll contact your local health department to ascertain if there’s an epidemic. Unfortunately, it’s not always possible to seek out the precise cause.
They’ll test your urine to ascertain if you’re dehydrated based on what they determine. They’ll also take blood and stool samples to undertake and trace the organism that has caused your illness. If they choose the organism, they’ll contact your local health department to ascertain if there’s an epidemic.
Unfortunately, it’s not always possible to seek out the precise cause.
Tips to reduce the risk of food poisoning at home
- Wash your hands completely:
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water (warm or cold) and dry them:
- Wash utensils:
Wash worktops, knives and utensils before and after preparing food, particularly after being touched by raw meat (including poultry), raw eggs, fish and vegetables. It would be best not to use antibacterial sprays: hot, soapy water is OK.
- Wash dishcloths:
Wash dishcloths and tea towels regularly, and allow them to dry before you use them again. Dirty, damp clothes are the right place for germs to spread.
- Use separate chopping boards:
Use an independent cutting board to prepare raw food, such as meat and fish. This can be done to avoid contaminating ready-to-eat foods with harmful bacteria present in raw food before being cooked.
- Keep meat separate:
It’s imperative to keep meat far away from ready-to-eat foods, like salad, fruit and bread. These foods won’t be cooked before you eat them, so any bacteria that catch on the nutrition from the meat won’t be killed.
- Store meat on the rock bottom shelf:
Always cover the meat and store it on the rock bottom shelf of the fridge, where it cannot touch or drip onto other foods.
- Cook food thoroughly:
Ensure poultry, pork, sausages and kebabs are cooked until steaming hot, with no pink meat inside. Before cooking, don’t wash meat, including chicken and turkey, as this may spread bacteria around your kitchen. For example, freezing raw chicken reduces the number of campylobacter bacteria but doesn’t eliminate them.
- Keep your fridge below 5C:
Keep your fridge temperature below 5C and use a fridge thermometer to see it. This prevents harmful germs from growing.
- Avoid overfilling your fridge:
If it’s too full, air cannot circulate properly, affecting the general temperature.
- Cook leftovers quickly:
If you’ve got cooked food that you are not getting to eat immediately, calm as soon as possible (within 90 minutes) and store it within the fridge or freezer. Use any leftovers from the refrigerator within two days, and don’t reheat food quite once.
- Track ‘use-by’ dates:
Do not eat food past its use-by date, albeit it’s and smells OK. Use-by dates are supported scientific tests that show how quickly harmful bugs can develop within the packaged food, whether anyone else reception has these symptoms.
People also ask
1. How long does food poisoning last?
Signs and symptoms may start within hours after eating the contaminated food, or they may begin days or even weeks later. Sickness caused by food poisoning generally lasts from a few hours to several days
2. What are the 6 symptoms of food poisoning?
The 6 symptoms of food poisoning are
- Bloating and gas
- Muscle aches
- Belly pain and cramping
3. What are the main symptoms of food poisoning?
The most common symptoms of food poisoning are:
- Upset stomach.
- Stomach cramps.
4. What are the 4 types of food poisoning?
The four types of food poisoning are but the most common ones are e. coli, listeria, salmonella, and norovirus, which is commonly called “stomach flu.” Other less common illnesses that can be transferred from food or food handling are botulism, campylobacter, vibrio, and shigella.
5. How do you check for food poisoning at home?
You can detect food poisoning with these signs
- Feeling sick (nausea)
- Being sick (vomiting)
- Stomach cramps.
- A high temperature of 38C or above.
- Feeling generally unwell – such as feeling tired or having aches and chills.
6. Is lemon good for food poisoning?
Lemon juice is used for overall healing of the body as it is a rich source of antioxidants. It is also known for aiding digestion. Mixing half a lemon with 1 glass of water will help cure food poisoning. You can also add honey for flavour.