Treatments & Procedures

Neurological conditions, be it genetic or otherwise, usually exhibit symptoms much later than its onset. Therefore, diagnosis and mitigation of the problem is often delayed owing to this. The main aspect for proper recovery from neurological diseases is to seek right care at the right time. Early intervention is the key. In order to achieve this, the subtle signs of neurological disorders need to be familiarized and a medical professional should be consulted promptly on discovery. The effects of neurological disorders can manifest both physically and emotionally. A person afflicted with a neurological disease will exhibit one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Partial or complete loss of sensation
  • Partial or complete paralysis
  • Degradation in cognitive ability
  • Mild to moderate spasms or seizures
  • Lethargy and reduced alertness

Emotional signs of an underlying neurological condition are often subtle and might be more challenging to decipher. Although not exclusive to neurological diseases, the most prevalent emotional signs are mood swings, depression and sudden bursts of anger.

At first glance, these symptoms do not have a significant impact on daily life. However, turning a blind eye to it could prove to be severely detrimental in the long run. If you or your loved ones exhibit any of the above, it is prudent to visit a specialist. Receiving the right care at the right time can significantly hasten recovery.

At Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Centre, our specialists will thoroughly examine your condition and will ensure that you receive the necessary care to restore your health and lead a fulfilling life.

We use advanced techniques and technologies to evaluate and treat both complex and common neurological disorders. We work with a team of doctors trained in various areas to determine the most appropriate treatment for your individual needs.

 

Neurology Subspecialities

Owing to the complexity of our nervous system, neurologists specialize in certain areas following a fellowship training to narrow their focus. Our Neurologists come with years of experience which is essential for formulating the most effective treatment method. Neurological diseases, albeit affecting the same regions, manifest differently in each demographic. Therefore, neurologists specialize in diseases and treatment of neurological diseases that affect a particular demographic. For instance, the onset of neurological diseases such as autism, epilepsy and cerebral palsy occurs at a younger age and pediatric neurologists will be best equipped to deal with the disease.

Some of the sub-specialties, we cater to are:

  • Behavioral Neurology
    Neurological diseases that adversely affect behavior, memory and cognition falls under the purview of Behavioral Neurology.
  • Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes seizures, fits or prolonged periods of unusual behavior. A minimum of two seizures are generally required to diagnose epilepsy as not all seizures point towards it. Our neurologist in this subspeciality focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.
  • Headache/pain
    Headaches and recurring migraines are one of the most common ailments that haunts the public. Headaches are often the result of disruptions in nerve pathways and brain chemicals and can severely affect everyday life.
  • Movement disorder
    Abnormal or slow movements are considered movement disorders and generally manifest as tremors. Parkinson’s disease, a degenerative neurological disorder, is one of the most common movement disorders with more than 1% of the population above 60 suffering from it. Our neurologists focusing on movement disorders primarily deals with the therapeutic treatments required to rein in Parkinson’s disease and slow its progress.
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
    Multiple Sclerosis or MS is a disease that afflicts the central nervous system. It is characterised by the damage of the protective sheath surrounding nerves caused by the immune system. This degradation completely disrupts the signal relay mechanism of the nerves and eventually results in permanent damage to the nerves.
  • Neuro-infectious disease
    Infections that adversely affect the nervous system are termed as neuro-infectious disease. This is often caused when an invading pathogen is not stopped by the body’s immune system. The progression of the infection beyond a certain limit can lead to potentially life-threatening complications and requires treatment from a specialist in order to avoid it.
  • Neuro-muscular disease
    The muscles in the body are controlled by the nervous system. An ailment that affects the muscles and neuro-muscular junction are termed as neuro-muscular diseases. Our neurologists focus on the therapies that treat the underlying cause of these muscle problems.
  • Neuro-oncology
    Like every system in the body, the nervous system is susceptible to malignant tumors, especially in the brain and spinal cord. A neurological tumor or neoplasm is an extremely serious condition and our oncologists and neurosurgeons specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and research relating to it.
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
    Neuro-ophthalmology is a relatively recent subspecialty of neurology that seeks to merge neurology with ophthalmology. It deals with nervous disorders that impairs or compromises vision.
  • Neuro-palliative care
    One in ten deaths reported worldwide is attributed to neurological diseases. Certain neurological diseases cannot be cured and the only course of action is to alleviate the potency of the symptoms that might appear. We focus on improving the quality of life of those with serious or terminal neurological diseases.
  • Neuro-intervention
    We have state-of-the-art Cath Lab that is utilized for Neurointerventional procedures. Our Interventional Neuro-radiologists are adept at performing a plethora of procedures like Mechanical Thrombectomy, Carotid balloon angioplasty and stenting, gel embolization and coiling of aneurysms and AV malformations.

Diagnostic Tests

Once these symptoms are observed, our neurologists will do a variety of tests to determine the actual disorder in order to begin a treatment regimen. These neurological exams test an individual’s mental state, reflexes, sensation, autonomic nervous system, cranial nerves, balance and coordination. The most common tests are as follows:

  • Lumbar Puncture
    A lumbar puncture or spinal tap is a neurological exam where spinal fluid sampled from the lumbar or lower back region. The cerebrospinal fluid collected during the test is sent for laboratory analysis. The laboratory results can help to identify infections, subarachnoid hemorrhages and inflammatory conditions. The area where the needle will be pierced is numbed using a local anaesthetic and the whole procedure can be completed in under 45 minutes.
  • Nerve Conduction Studies
    A Nerve Conduction Study (NCS), also known as a Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) test, is done to identify and evaluate damage to all the nerves that branch out of the brain and spinal cord. The test measures how fast an electrical impulse moves through your nerve by stimulating it with electrode patches attached to your skin. This test is particularly helpful in identifying Carpal tunnel syndrome or Guillain-Barré syndrome.
  • Electromyography (EMG)
    Electromyography is an electrodiagnostic technique utilized to assess the health of muscles and associated nerves. During the test, the technician inserts small needles into the muscles to record its activity. Since electrical signals are used by the nerves to communicate, the response is detected by the electrodes. Another type of EMG involves the use of electrode stickers on the skin to measure signal strength.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
    An electroencephalogram functions on the same principle as an EMG and is an electrophysiological method to monitor and record the activity of the brain. The electrodes are applied on the scalp and records the small charges released by the brain. The technician creates certain changes in the environment to incite a response by the brain. It is primarily used to detect epilepsy.

Based on the results of these tests, our neurologists will plan the course of treatment and discuss the details with you.

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