Hepatorenal Syndrome Treatment: Types, Symptom, Diagnosis

Hepatorenal Syndrome

A life-threatening condition and progressive type of kidney failure, it is commonly seen in those with acute liver damage. Usually, cirrhosis is the cause of Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS). Apart from cirrhosis, ascites is also a cause of this condition just as fulminant hepatic failure is.

It sets in when the kidneys stop functioning when toxins accumulate in the body. Ultimately, it causes liver failure.



Broadly, there are two types of HRS. The first type is linked with galloping kidney failure and an excessive production of creatinine. The second type is related to a gradual damage of the kidney where the symptoms develop more gradually.

When one is diagnosed with HRS, this chronic condition shouldn’t be taken lightly as it could be fatal. The average survival time of the first type is generally about eight to 10 weeks, whereas the second type is six months.



A complication of liver disease, HRS is generally due to cirrhosis or tissue scarring of the liver. Anyone with cirrhosis has an increased chance of developing HRS, caused by these factors:

  • Irregular or unstable blood pressure
  • Using diuretics
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Severe alcoholic hepatitis
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
  • Other renal infections



HRS symptoms are nothing short of medical emergencies. If you have any other kidney problems and experience symptoms of HRS listed below, contact your specialist immediately. The symptoms are:

  • Jaundice
  • Swollen stomach
  • Confusion
  • Dementia
  • Delirium
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Weight gain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced urine output



Your doctor will conduct a physical examination to test for this condition. The signs of HRS he will look for include skin sores, swollen abdomen, jaundice and distended breast tissue. He will also ask you to undergo a batch of urine and blood tests to check for the effective functioning of your kidney and liver. You may also suffer from cirrhosis but if you don’t, your doctor may ask you to undergo tests to check for alcoholic or viral hepatitis.


Your low blood pressure can be treated with vasoconstrictors while dialysis can help improve problems with the kidneys by removing excess salt and water from the blood and toxic waste. However, the most effective form of treatment for HRS is still a liver transplant.


One sure way of preventing the development of HRS is to be sure your liver is healthy. This is best done by reducing your liability to developing scarring or cirrhosis of the liver and reducing your intake of alcohol.

Effort should also be made to ensure you don’t contract hepatitis. You can protect yourself from developing Hepatitis A and B by taking specific vaccination. Since there is at present no vaccine to cure you of Hepatitis C, you can prevent contracting it by taking these preventative measures:

  • Not taking illegal drugs
  • Washing your hands after you shake hands
  • Practising safe sex
  • Not sharing needles with anyone
  • Having a tattoo done using fresh needles
  • Ensuring that your sex partner is tested for Hepatitis C




The medscape of India’s hospitals can never be complete without a mention of the liver speciality and multi-disciplinary hospital, Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Centre, Chennai. At the forefront of all Indian hospitals in terms of state-of-the-art technology, hepatologists and support staff, it epitomizes the best in modern-day treatment. No wonder it is regarded as one of the Best Hepatorenal Syndrome Hospitals in India.

The team of specialists that work to alleviate liver disease suffering comprises surgeons, doctors, oncologists, nurses, radiologists, pathologists, genetic counsellors, scientists, researchers, psychologists, and others.

The surgeons work hard and committedly to bring about successful outcomes in all surgeries and treatments of liver diseases. Besides, this hospital is where you will be happy to put yourself in the hands of some of the best Hepatorenal Syndrome Specialists in India. So, you can be sure you will get top-class medical services here. There are many benefits and advantages for you to have yourself treated here, in this very best Hepatorenal Syndrome treatment hospital in Chennai.

If you or anyone you know suffers from Hepatorenal Syndrome, choose to come to the Rela Institute and Medical Centre, Chennai, India.

To know more about this hospital, call for an appointment on +91 9384681770


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