Galactosemia Disease Treatment: Symptoms & Causes


A congenital disorder, Galactosemia affects the way the body processes galactose, a simple sugar. Some babies are born with this disorder that prevents their systems from processing galactose by drinking breast milk and formula. Ordinarily, this gets converted into energy, but not for those babies who cannot process it easily.

If left untreated, galactosemia can be life-threatening for newborns.


Galactosemia shows up when both parents carry the gene that causes it. In such cases, each child they bear has a 1:4 risk of inheriting it.


Galactosemia takes three forms:

  • Galactose-1 phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) deficiency: This is galactosemia in its classic, most severe and common form.
  • Deficiency of galactose kinase (GALK)
  • Deficiency of galactose-6-phosphate epimerase (GALE)

If a baby diagnosed with this disorder drinks milk, it damages his eyes, kidneys, liver and brain.


  • Jaundice
  • Lethargy
  • Convulsions
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Poor feeding due to inability to eat baby food with milk
  • Low weight gain


A tiny incision is made in the baby’s foot and a blood sample taken to test for various conditions, including Galactosemia. If the baby shows signs of this condition, the doctor will ask for a follow-up test to confirm this. This will comprise a blood and urine sample.

If the tests confirm Galactosemia, the doctor will give a diet plan, devoid of lactose and galactose. These will be replaced by a soy-based formula.


After cutting out lactose and galactose, the doctor will also eliminate vegetables, fruits and candies that are rich in galactose. However, he will have to take calcium and Vitamins C, D and K.

If your baby suffers from a mild form of this condition called Duarte galactosemia (DG), it is not as chronic as Type 1. He too will have to eliminate galactose and lactose from his diet.

Infants with Types 2 or 3 will not be as affected as those of Type 1. However, they might develop kidney and liver issues, cataracts and have slow growth. Girls with this disorder could need hormone treatment at puberty.



When a baby suffers, the whole family suffers. That’s what parents of children with this condition say. This makes the onus of treating the baby quickly, accurately and efficiently all the more on us. And, as always, we deliver.

And that’s no wonder because our assets lie not just in our superb location in Chrompet, Chennai. But in the Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Centre’s human assets—its surgeons and teams of doctors who are adept at treating Galactosemia.

So, if you need a liver transplant specialist in Chennai, India, for your baby, look no further than the Rela Institute. Because it is here that you are bound to receive the necessary treatment from the best Galactosemia treatment doctor in Chennai and careful and sensitive nursing care from our trained nurses and paediatric staff.

Liver damage at any age is no joke, we agree with you, so we have a full complement of doctors and nurses who are not just qualified to handle complex cases but internationally trained too. This makes us not just the best Liver damage treatment in Chennai but also for Galactosemia treatment hospital in Chennai.

The scope of liver disease is wide and demands the attention of a range of liver specialists. You’ll find them all here under one roof at one of India’s best liver transplantation hospitals in India.

Come to the Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Centre. Nothing intimidating, always welcoming.

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